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June Roses

How to grow and care for your June roses, a garden favorite.

rose box

My favorite time to walk through my garden is in the early morning when the world is still quiet and the bees are yet to awake. It leaves me with an incredible feeling of peace and serenity. I think that nature holds the key to our well-being, and have found my sweet spot through the love of gardening. Here are a few gardening and care tips for getting your June roses up to blue-ribbon form. June roses can be fussy by nature, however with these simple steps you can have show-stopping blooms.

rose port

Planting and care: Roses tend to be sun-worshippers, so choose an area where they will receive at least six hours of direct sunlight a day.

Getting started: Prepare your rose beds for your June roses by digging a hole larger in width and depth than the size of the root system. Combine soil with an all-purpose planting mix that’s high in nutrients and organic matter (such as the popular plant feed Scott’s Miracle-Gro®). Place amended soil into the planting hole to form a cone-shaped mound, which allows the rose to sit at the correct height for planting. Grafted roses need to be planted so the graft union is just below soil level. For own-root roses, the union should be one inch below soil level.

pink rose in garden

What to do: Fill hole with soil ¾ full then add two to three gallons of water. Let it drain completely; finish with soil and water again. Pack the soil around the root system and make a well around the base of the plant to hold water. This will ensure the plant gets a steady drink. Do not fertilize or prune new plants, except to shape, until after the first period of bloom. Newly planted roses also must be watered with one to two gallons per plant every three to four days until they’re established.

bunch of pink roses

General care: Roses are deep-rooted plants. They prefer deep watering close to the plant base; avoid the foliage. Water established roses about one to two inches per week, which translates into one to two gallons per plant, per week. This water regimen must continue into October. It is also wise to water 24 hours before applying fertilizers or pesticides to ensure absorption and to prevent burning the plant.

Fertilizing: Fertilize in early spring and every four weeks thereafter. To ward off pests, use a systemic pesticide; they work deep within the root system.

rose plant in garden

Pruning: Grooming is essential for beautiful roses, and stimulates new growth. Begin pruning faded blooms after each flush, starting at the fifth leaf down from the bud. Reap the benefits of your green thumb by cutting fresh flowers to fill teacups and vases.

For more information on Jo-Anne Coletti, visit

Text and photography by Jo-Anne Coletti

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